African Countries by population (2020)

Click on each country to view current estimates (live population clock), historical data, list of countries, and projected figures.

# Country (or dependency) Population
(2020)
Yearly
Change
Net
Change
Density
(P/Km²)
Land Area
(Km²)
Migrants
(net)
Fert.
Rate
Med.
Age
Urban
Pop %
World
Share
1 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.58 % 5,175,990 226 910,770 -60,000 5.4 18 52 % 2.64 %
2 Ethiopia 114,963,588 2.57 % 2,884,858 115 1,000,000 30,000 4.3 19 21 % 1.47 %
3 Egypt 102,334,404 1.94 % 1,946,331 103 995,450 -38,033 3.3 25 43 % 1.31 %
4 DR Congo 89,561,403 3.19 % 2,770,836 40 2,267,050 23,861 6.0 17 46 % 1.15 %
5 South Africa 59,308,690 1.28 % 750,420 49 1,213,090 145,405 2.4 28 67 % 0.76 %
6 Tanzania 59,734,218 2.98 % 1,728,755 67 885,800 -40,076 4.9 18 37 % 0.77 %
7 Kenya 53,771,296 2.28 % 1,197,323 94 569,140 -10,000 3.5 20 28 % 0.69 %
8 Uganda 45,741,007 3.32 % 1,471,413 229 199,810 168,694 5.0 17 26 % 0.59 %
9 Algeria 43,851,044 1.85 % 797,990 18 2,381,740 -10,000 3.1 29 73 % 0.56 %
10 Sudan 43,849,260 2.42 % 1,036,022 25 1,765,048 -50,000 4.4 20 35 % 0.56 %
11 Morocco 36,910,560 1.20 % 438,791 83 446,300 -51,419 2.4 30 64 % 0.47 %
12 Angola 32,866,272 3.27 % 1,040,977 26 1,246,700 6,413 5.6 17 67 % 0.42 %
13 Ghana 31,072,940 2.15 % 655,084 137 227,540 -10,000 3.9 22 57 % 0.40 %
14 Mozambique 31,255,435 2.93 % 889,399 40 786,380 -5,000 4.9 18 38 % 0.40 %
15 Madagascar 27,691,018 2.68 % 721,711 48 581,795 -1,500 4.1 20 39 % 0.36 %
16 Cameroon 26,545,863 2.59 % 669,483 56 472,710 -4,800 4.6 19 56 % 0.34 %
17 Côte d'Ivoire 26,378,274 2.57 % 661,730 83 318,000 -8,000 4.7 19 51 % 0.34 %
18 Niger 24,206,644 3.84 % 895,929 19 1,266,700 4,000 7.0 15 17 % 0.31 %
19 Burkina Faso 20,903,273 2.86 % 581,895 76 273,600 -25,000 5.2 18 31 % 0.27 %
20 Mali 20,250,833 3.02 % 592,802 17 1,220,190 -40,000 5.9 16 44 % 0.26 %
21 Malawi 19,129,952 2.69 % 501,205 203 94,280 -16,053 4.3 18 18 % 0.25 %
22 Zambia 18,383,955 2.93 % 522,925 25 743,390 -8,000 4.7 18 45 % 0.24 %
23 Senegal 16,743,927 2.75 % 447,563 87 192,530 -20,000 4.7 19 49 % 0.21 %
24 Chad 16,425,864 3.00 % 478,988 13 1,259,200 2,000 5.8 17 23 % 0.21 %
25 Somalia 15,893,222 2.92 % 450,317 25 627,340 -40,000 6.1 17 47 % 0.20 %
26 Zimbabwe 14,862,924 1.48 % 217,456 38 386,850 -116,858 3.6 19 38 % 0.19 %
27 Guinea 13,132,795 2.83 % 361,549 53 245,720 -4,000 4.7 18 39 % 0.17 %
28 Rwanda 12,952,218 2.58 % 325,268 525 24,670 -9,000 4.1 20 18 % 0.17 %
29 Benin 12,123,200 2.73 % 322,049 108 112,760 -2,000 4.9 19 48 % 0.16 %
30 Tunisia 11,818,619 1.06 % 123,900 76 155,360 -4,000 2.2 33 70 % 0.15 %
31 Burundi 11,890,784 3.12 % 360,204 463 25,680 2,001 5.5 17 14 % 0.15 %
32 South Sudan 11,193,725 1.19 % 131,612 18 610,952 -174,200 4.7 19 25 % 0.14 %
33 Togo 8,278,724 2.43 % 196,358 152 54,390 -2,000 4.4 19 43 % 0.11 %
34 Sierra Leone 7,976,983 2.10 % 163,768 111 72,180 -4,200 4.3 19 43 % 0.10 %
35 Libya 6,871,292 1.38 % 93,840 4 1,759,540 -1,999 2.3 29 78 % 0.09 %
36 Congo 5,518,087 2.56 % 137,579 16 341,500 -4,000 4.5 19 70 % 0.07 %
37 Liberia 5,057,681 2.44 % 120,307 53 96,320 -5,000 4.4 19 53 % 0.06 %
38 Central African Republic 4,829,767 1.78 % 84,582 8 622,980 -40,000 4.8 18 43 % 0.06 %
39 Mauritania 4,649,658 2.74 % 123,962 5 1,030,700 5,000 4.6 20 57 % 0.06 %
40 Eritrea 3,546,421 1.41 % 49,304 35 101,000 -39,858 4.1 19 63 % 0.05 %
41 Namibia 2,540,905 1.86 % 46,375 3 823,290 -4,806 3.4 22 55 % 0.03 %
42 Gambia 2,416,668 2.94 % 68,962 239 10,120 -3,087 5.3 18 59 % 0.03 %
43 Botswana 2,351,627 2.08 % 47,930 4 566,730 3,000 2.9 24 73 % 0.03 %
44 Gabon 2,225,734 2.45 % 53,155 9 257,670 3,260 4.0 23 87 % 0.03 %
45 Lesotho 2,142,249 0.80 % 16,981 71 30,360 -10,047 3.2 24 31 % 0.03 %
46 Guinea-Bissau 1,968,001 2.45 % 47,079 70 28,120 -1,399 4.5 19 45 % 0.03 %
47 Equatorial Guinea 1,402,985 3.47 % 46,999 50 28,050 16,000 4.6 22 73 % 0.02 %
48 Mauritius 1,271,768 0.17 % 2,100 626 2,030 0 1.4 37 41 % 0.02 %
49 Eswatini 1,160,164 1.05 % 12,034 67 17,200 -8,353 3.0 21 30 % 0.01 %
50 Djibouti 988,000 1.48 % 14,440 43 23,180 900 2.8 27 79 % 0.01 %
51 Réunion 895,312 0.72 % 6,385 358 2,500 -1,256 2.3 36 100 % 0.01 %
52 Comoros 869,601 2.20 % 18,715 467 1,861 -2,000 4.2 20 29 % 0.01 %
53 Western Sahara 597,339 2.55 % 14,876 2 266,000 5,582 2.4 28 87 % 0.01 %
54 Cabo Verde 555,987 1.10 % 6,052 138 4,030 -1,342 2.3 28 68 % 0.01 %
55 Mayotte 272,815 2.50 % 6,665 728 375 0 3.7 20 46 % 0.00 %
56 Sao Tome & Principe 219,159 1.91 % 4,103 228 960 -1,680 4.4 19 74 % 0.00 %
57 Seychelles 98,347 0.62 % 608 214 460 -200 2.5 34 56 % 0.00 %
58 Saint Helena 6,077 0.30 % 18 16 390 N.A. N.A. 27 % 0.00 %

Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).